Monday 26th August 2019
Editor's Pick, Tutorials

5 photo tips you should try

Joe Were, a prolific photographer based in Nairobi Kenya, recently penned a blog offering 5 very interesting photo tips that will turn your photos from every day snapshots to epic masterpieces…

The 5 concepts shared can apply to any kind of photography one would like to do. All the images taken (see below) were taken under some kind of limitation/restriction/impediment whether it was time, space or equipment and by showing them Were hopes to;

  • Illustrate that the best camera is the one you have in your hand at the moment ~ any camera including one attached to a phone
  • share some of the fundamental things one can focus on every day when they think about taking a photo.

So in the words of Were, here goes.

Take your landscape photos at odd hours…

Yes, I do mean odd as in “not even”… Let me explain.

Wake Up Early

Waking up at 5am means you can set up either on a tripod or flat surface and capture the sky as it’s transitioning from black to blue (Depending on where in the world you are and what time sunrise is). Sometimes that soft light from the rising sun (But before it comes up from the horizon) can be very flattering especially when you have bodies of water. The blue of the sky reflects well on water bodies and gives your photo a nice colour palette (Try bringing that up at the dinner table… Go ahead, Impress the peeps). I shot this on the Samsung NX300 with the kit lens.

Wake Up Early

Shot On Samsung NX 300. f/11, 30secs, ISO 200 at 18mm-5 photo tips

 

Get Out Late

In most places around the world, the sun sets from around 6:30 to 7pm. This is perfect for taking photos of cityscapes at dusk. 7pm means you have a fading blue sky and city lights in buildings as work comes to a close. I make it a point to find out if I can access at least one rooftop in whatever city I’m going to. If there is booking and paying involved, it goes in my budget for the trip. Just like above photo tip, the need of a tripod or steady surface where you can place your camera is necessary. In this case, my tripod was not allowed up the “Top Of The Rock” in New York City. I had to improvise… I placed my camera on a book I had carried and used the camera’s timer so as not to get a blurry image.

Wait For Twilight

Shot on Nikon D5000. f/11, 2secs, ISO 200 at 50mm-5 photo tips

Stay Up Late

When the sun goes down and you have clear skies, the stars come out to play. Sometimes it doesn’t dawn on us to look up and marvel at the night sky. The best time is from around 11pm (because the Milky Way usually has risen around this time and makes for interesting night photography). There are a few limitations to shooting stars though; It requires you to be in a relatively dark area and for your camera to have raw shooting capabilities. To add some contrasting context to your image, it is a good idea to capture a little bit of the surrounding elements, if possible.

Shot on Nikon D610. f/2.8, 30sec, ISO 2500 Set on 10Sec timer at 16mm

Shot on Nikon D610. f/2.8, 30sec, ISO 2500 Set on 10Sec timer at 16mm-5 photo tips

Use Leading Lines

Humans are extremely visual beings… You draw the line, we will follow it (Or cross it even). Leading lines basically “lead” the viewer’s eye to what they are supposed to see. And you, as the storyteller, decide what we see in an image. These are the two ways I have mostly used this:

Using Straight Lines

This is possibly the easiest and most common way to use leading lines…Straight lines are everywhere you look ~ roads, buildings, power lines, everywhere. The farther the lines go away from you the more they converge, leading our eyes to a point.

Shot on FujiFilm X100S. f/4, 1/250sec, ISO 2500 at 23mm

Shot on FujiFilm X100S. f/4, 1/250sec, ISO 2500 at 23mm-5 photo tips

Using Curved Lines

The potential of curved lines to be visually pleasing is high because they ensure the viewer’s eye is travelling through the entire frame of the shot. Curved lines ensure we notice every other element in the photo that we otherwise would not. For example, in the photo below, it is easy to think that the tree is the main “character” of the story, and without the tire tracks, that would actually be the case. The tracks on the sand let us know that there is a more “important” character in the story we should be focusing on, tossing the tree into the supporting cast character of the story.

Shot On Samsung NX30. f/7.1, 1/1000sec, ISO 200 at 18mm

Shot On Samsung NX30. f/7.1, 1/1000sec, ISO 200 at 18mm-5 photo tips

 

Isolate Your Subject

When your photo does not have a clear subject, a “star of the show”, then the viewer is forced to look around to try and see what catches their eye first. It is vital that the star of your show stands out, and there are a few ways to make sure of this.

Using Colour

This is one of the simplest ways of isolating your subject, especially if your subject is dressed in brighter, more dominant colours than the background. Something you would not want is for your background to be competing for attention. Solid coloured backgrounds work well for this.

Shot on Nikon D610. f/2.8, 1/60sec, ISO 200 at 35mm.

Shot on Nikon D610. f/2.8, 1/60sec, ISO 200 at 35mm-5 photo tips

Using Frames

Frames could be anything from doors to pillars, leaves, windows, columns, anything that pretty much surrounds your subject in a way that leads the viewer’s eye to them directly. For example, in the first photo below, my friend Michelle is in frame within the small corridor and in the next photo, the trees in the background help frame the farmer in the center of the image, and lastly, the students in the library become more obvious because the doorway leads our eyes to look inside.

Shot on FujiFilm X100S. f/2.0, 1/250sec, ISO 500 at 23mm

Shot on FujiFilm X100S. f/2.0, 1/250sec, ISO 500 at 23mm-5 photo tips

Shot on Nikon D610. f/2.0, 1/200sec, ISO 100 at 50mm

Shot on Nikon D610. f/2.0, 1/200sec, ISO 100 at 50mm-5 photo tips

Shot on FujiFilm X100S. f/2.8, 1/125sec, ISO 1600 at 23mm

Shot on FujiFilm X100S. f/2.8, 1/125sec, ISO 1600 at 23mm-5 photo tips

Wait For It… Waaaait for it!

By far the most underrated aspect of making epic images is Patience. Sometimes the difference between OK and Great is the WAIT. In the photo below I waited a few minutes after framing the shot and then shot. It would have been a rather boring shot if I had only the flamingos in the distance. The three flamingos in the front give the photo more depth, more visual meaning.

Shot on Nikon D5300. f/11, 1.250sec, ISO 100 at 300mm

Shot on Nikon D5300. f/11, 1.250sec, ISO 100 at 300mm-5 photo tips

In this next photo I entered the baseball field and sat for a few minutes watching the game and framing the shot in my head before I took out the camera. I then waited again to study the pitcher’s movement and waited for when he would raise his leg to throw the ball.

 

Shot on FujiFilm X100S. f/2.0, 1/250sec, ISO 2500 at 23mm

Shot on FujiFilm X100S. f/2.0, 1/250sec, ISO 2500 at 23mm-5 photo tips

Experiment With What You Have!!

This is actually my favourite part. I just loooooove to experiment. There was a time when I had only a 50mm lens with my old Nikon D5200 camera. I shot so much with it I did not think I needed another lens. Then I got a 35mm, same drill. It was like listening to that one song in the album until it scratches. Nowadays I shoot with my phone (Huawei P9) almost all the time. In fact, for a recent documentary project I was on, I shot almost exclusively on the phone, with the help of an unlikely accessory~A selfie stick. Who knew turning a selfie stick the other direction (Away from you…no selfies, please) could create such magic! Here is one way you can experiment shooting with a phone.

Get Up High

Here is where a selfie stick comes in handy. The beauty of shooting with a phone is that it forces you to think about your shot; the framing, the composition, the angle. In my opinion, the phone is the most powerful camera you will ever have because you always have it with you.

Shot on Huawei P9, f/2.2, 1/280sec, ISO 50 at 4mm, with a selfie stick

Shot on Huawei P9, f/2.2, 1/280sec, ISO 50 at 4mm, with a selfie stick – 5 photo tips

Experiment with angles; sometimes the difference can be just a few inches. The image below was shot with a selfie stick which added just about 4 inches and made a huge difference to the shot.

 

cof

That’s about it for now. 5 tips that can make all the difference… Happy shooting!!

Courtesy,  Joe Were (http://www.joewere.net/)

May 12, 2017